uos – Basic "Operating System" Services

The uos module contains functions for filesystem access and urandom function.

Port Specifics

The filesystem has / as the root directory and the available physical drives are accessible from here. They are currently:

  • /flash – the internal flash filesystem

  • /sd – the SD card (if it exists)

Functions

uos.uname()

Return information about the system, firmware release version, and micropython interpreter version.

uos.chdir(path)

Change current directory.

uos.getcwd()

Get the current directory.

uos.listdir([dir])

With no argument, list the current directory. Otherwise list the given directory.

uos.mkdir(path)

Create a new directory.

uos.remove(path)

Remove a file.

uos.rmdir(path)

Remove a directory.

uos.rename(old_path, new_path)

Rename a file.

uos.stat(path)

Get the status of a file or directory.

The return value is a tuple with the following 10 values, in order:

  • st_mode: protection bits.
  • st_ino: inode number. (not implemented, returns 0)
  • st_dev: device. (not implemented, returns 0)
  • st_nlink: number of hard links. (not implemented, returns 0)
  • st_uid: user id of owner. (not implemented, returns 0)
  • st_gid: group id of owner. (not implemented, returns 0)
  • st_size: size of file in bytes.
  • st_atime: time of most recent access.
  • st_mtime: time of most recent content modification.
  • st_ctime: time of most recent metadata change.
uos.getfree(path)

Returns the free space (in KiB) in the drive specified by path.

uos.sync()

Sync all filesystems.

uos.urandom(n)

Return a bytes object with n random bytes.

uos.unlink(path)

Alias for the remove() method.

uos.mount(block_device, mount_point, * , readonly=False)

Mounts a block device (like an SD object) in the specified mount point. Example:

os.mount(sd, '/sd')
uos.unmount(path)

Unmounts a previously mounted block device from the given path.

uos.mkfs(block_device or path)

Formats the specified path, must be either /flash or /sd. A block device can also be passed like an SD object before being mounted.

uos.dupterm(stream_object)

Duplicate the terminal (the REPL) on the passed stream-like object. The given object must at least implement the read() and write() methods.

Constants

uos.sep

Separation character used in paths

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