The Pycom documentation follows standard Python Library format using the popular Sphinx Docs tool. There are some notable points regarding the syntax of classes, methods and constants. Please see the notes below and familiarise yourself with the specific details before reviewing the documentation.
Keyword Arguments refer to the arguments that are passed into a constructor (upon referencing a class object). When passing values into a MicroPython constructor it is not always required to specify the name of the argument and instead rely on the order of the arguments passed as to describe what they refer to. In the example below, it can be seen that the argument
mode is passed into the
i2c.init() method without specifying a name.
The values of the arguments (as seen in the examples/docs) refer to the default values that are passed into the constructor if nothing is provided.
An example of how this method might be called:
i2c.init(I2C.MASTER, pins=('P12', 'P11'))
It can be seen that a value for
baudrate was not passed into the method and thus MicroPython will assume a default value of 100000. Also the first argument
mode was not specified by name, as the constructor does not require it, denoted by the lack of an ‘=’ symbol in the constructor documentation.
Passing Arguments into a Method
It is important to note that there are certain class methods that can only accept a
keyword for certain arguments as well as some that only accept a
value. This is intentional by design but is not always apparent to the user calling specific methods. The differences between the two are outlined below, with examples referencing where differences might apply and what to be aware of.
An astrik ‘ * ’ in a method description (in the docs), denotes that the following arguments require a keyword, i.e.
pin='P16' in the example below.
from machine import ADC adc = ADC() # create an ADC object apin = adc.channel(pin='P16') # create an analog pin on P16
pin is a required argument and the method
channel will not execute unless it is passed as with a keyword.
Another example shows how the
pwm.channel() requires a keyword argument for
pin but does not for
from machine import PWM pwm = PWM(0, frequency=5000) pwm_c = pwm.channel(0, pin='P12') # no keyword argument requires for id (0) but is required for pin (pin='P12')
The documentation may refer to a method that takes an argument listed by name but does allow for a keyword to be passed. For example, the
pycom class contains a method
rgbled. This lists that the method accepts a value for
color, however this may not be specified by
value. This is intentional as the
value being passed is the only argument valid for this method
If the argument is passed into the method with a keyword, it will return an error stating TypeError: function does not take keyword arguments.
import pycom pycom.rgbled(color=0xFF0000) # Incorrect pycom.rgbled(0xFF0000) # Correct
Another example of a method that only accepts value input. In this case, the
RTC.init() method require a value (
tuple) input for the
datetime. It will not accept a keyword.
from machine import RTC rtc = RTC() rtc.init(datetime=(2014, 5, 1, 4, 13, 0, 0, 0)) # Incorrect rtc.init((2014, 5, 1, 4, 13, 0, 0, 0)) # Correct
constants section of a library within the docs refers to specific values from that library’s class. These might be used when constructing an object from that class or when utilising a method from within that class. These are generally listed by the library name followed by the specific value. See the example below:
Be aware that you can only reference these constants upon importing and constructing a object from a library.